Concrete Selection

Guidance on the selection of designated concrete in housing and other applications BS EN 85001

Application Designated concrete Recommended consistence class
Unreinforced foundations and associated works
Blinding and mass concrete fill GEN1 S3
Strip footings GEN1 S3
Mass concrete foundations GEN1 S3
Trench fill foundations GEN1 S4
Drainage works to give immediate support GEN1 S1
Other drainage works GEN1 S3
Oversite below suspended slab GEN1 S3
Unreinforced foundations requiring DC-2 to DC-4 concrete
DC-2 FND2 S3
DC-2z FND2Z S3
DC-3 FND3 S3
DC-3z FND3Z S3
DC-4 FND4 S3
DC-4z FND4Z S3
DC-4m FND4M S3
General applications
Kerb bedding & backing GEN0 S1
House floors with no embedded metal    
- Permanent finish added
e.g a screed or floating floor
- No permanent finish to be added
e.g carpeted
Garage floors with no embedded metal GEN3 S2
Wearing surface: Light foot and trolley traffic RC25/30 S2
Wearing surface: general industrial RC32/40 S2

Selection of Consistence

The selection of fresh concrete should be suitable for the conditions of handling and placing so that after compaction, concrete surrounds all reinforcement, tendons and ducts and completely fills the formwork. The table below gives guidance on the consistence expressed as slump [S (number)] classes appropriate to different uses. Where a concrete is to be laid on a slope, a lower slump class than that given in table below might be necessary.

Use of concrete Form of compaction Consistence class
Consistence suitable for different uses of in-situ concrete
Kerb bedding and backing Tamping S1
Floors and hand placed pavements Poker or beam vibration S2
Strip footings Poker or beam vibration S3
Mass concrete Poker or beam vibration S3
Foundations Poker or beam vibration S3
Blinding Poker or beam vibration S3
Normal reinforced concrete in slabs, Poker or beam vibration S3
beams, walls and columns and/or tamping